Giving focus to the Cultural, Scientific and Social Dimension of EU - CELAC relations



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Access to academic production becomes an essential element for social development since it allows knowing research and technologies, to develop new studies based on existing knowledge and to act on social reality consistently. Tedesco (2000) points out those digital technologies make possible to democratize the production of knowledge as favors the dissemination of knowledge beyond political, social and economic boundaries.

In this respect, Open Sciences (OS) and Open Access (OA) initiatives represent key elements for both significant producing changes in scholarly communication and reducing the problems of developing countries. The OS refers to the availability and use of scientific data, methodologies and research results that allows increasing the transparency, openness and reproducibility of science. The OA refers to the free availability and use of scientific production is erasing the economic barriers to access to information, allowing people to access the costs of reading, downloading, distributing and using the materials (Budapest 2002. Bethesd 2003 and Berlin 2003). The OA attenuates the economic and infrastructure limitations and allows researchers to participate in networks of knowledge and increase the impact of LAC countries in the global agenda. In the same way, the OA, promotes the
demarcation of the academic production, because it allows the diversification of the nodes of scientific production and the academic communications (Peter Suber, 2015).

Both OS and OA are valuable tools to share, collaborate and create knowledge. They are key elements in understanding the distribution and production of scientific knowledge in a collaborative and coordinated way between academics and institutions (Melero R and Hernández San Miguel, J, 2014, Arza, Fressoli, Sebastian, 2017; Lain, 2017).

Departure point

During this year we carried out the analysis of the interviews to scientists of Latin American and European institutions in the framework of the WP4 "Scientific Dimensions of UE-CELAC relations", we have focused on analyzing the arguments of scientists about the use of open science tools in the practice of knowledge production and dissemination. In this framework, we found a disparity of cases that could defend or question the use of open access and open science. The key arguments are: 

  • The potential of open access to democratize knowledge by allowing free access to it. Researchers that had had previous situations of difficulties in accessing scientific information (due to lack of infrastructure and economic resources) defend that it is necessary to promote the publication in open access journals.
  • The potentialities of the free dissemination of knowledge to establish a dialogue among professionals which allows promoting the continuous improvement of the scientific production and the transparency of the scientific production.
  • The limits of open access journals in producing equity in scientific production and dissemination by the payment of fees to the research group that presents their study. This would reopen the gap between those who have resources and those who do not, limiting the publication capacity and the scientific competence.
  • The relative impact to OA publications in some scientific areas (such as mathematics and biology). Interviewers argue that open access publications tend to have lower impact levels than paid publications with publishers of a scientific career.


To discuss the potentialities and limitations of Open Access and Open Science in scientific production as a strategy to achieve the development of equitable, cooperative knowledge and quality. Thus, the purpose of the activity is to open a debate on different positions on Open Science (OS) and Open Access (OA) in order to identify their potentialities, their the barriers in scientific practices and, in particular, to build possible joint solutions to promote the OS and OA as a tool that supports the democratization of access and production of knowledge.

Key questions:

Define the actual situation in EULAC countries:

  • What are the Latin America and Europe strategies to promote OA and OS?
  • Who promote OA and OS in Latin America and Europe?
  • Are any difference between the Latin America and Europe strategies?
  • What are the best practices to promote the OA and OS?

What are the potentialities about the use of OA and OS in the context of collaborative knowledge production between EULAC countries?

  • Why is important to promote OA and OS?
  • How could OA and OS dim the gap between low income and middle/high income countries in the knowledge production?
  • Experiences of successful knowledge production between Latin-American countries and Europe. What is the role of OA and OS in those experiences?

Challenges of OA and OS

  • What are the limits of OA and OS in promoting equal access and knowledge production?
  • How to develop OA and OS policies that take in to account the economic and social inequalities among countries and institutions?
  • What is the relationship between Open Access and Open Science and the quality of the research production? How to guarantee the quality of Open Science and Open Access sources?


  • Ernest Abadal: “Policies to promote open access: differences between Europe and Latin America"
  • Ricardo Hartley: “Beyond the structure: education as a pillar of open science”
  • Ignasi Labastida: "Preparing Research Institutions to Adopt Open Science Practices and Principles"
  • TBC: “Policies and strategies to spread Open Access in Latin America. The case of Argentina”


Simone Belli / Valeria Santorno Lamelas


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Participation in the video conference

Trial Day: 17th of April 2018 - 10-12 Quito Time

Videoconference equipment:
        Using equipment with protocols compatible with H.323
        Room ID: 0100
        Optional Dialing Method: ## 0100

Computer, Web Browser:
        Through the following URL: 
        Name of the Room: redclara
        Then select CONNECT, grant the necessary permissions to the browser

Online participation

Add the Skype user dias.virtuales
Follow the event through the following links and send yours comments / questions using the Skype user 


Seminario internacional "Desarrollo humano, interculturalidad y políticas sociales: experiencias y perspectivas desde América Latina y Europa" Auditorio Dammert, 18 de abril de 2018

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El proyecto EULAC FOCUS genera aprendizajes para consolidar los mecanismos de colaboración entre América Latina y la Unión Europea. Así, en colaboración con el IDHAL-PUCP, el Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas, Económicas, Políticas y Antropológicas (CISEPA PUCP) y el Programa de Posgrado en Desarrollo Sostenible y Desigualdades Sociales en la Región Andina (trAndeS), realizaremos este Seminario para promover un espacio de diálogo acerca de la complementariedad entre los enfoques de desarrollo humano e interculturalidad a la luz de la reflexión acerca del diseño e implementación de políticas sociales en América Latina y Europa. 


Programa del evento

16:00 - 16:15 Bienvenida
A cargo de Silvana Vargas W. (IDHAL PUCP) y Carmen Ilizarbe (CISEPA PUCP)

16:15 - 17:00 Conferencia
“Desarrollo humano y diversidad: desafíos del tiempo presente”
Expositora: Isabel Yépez, Universidad Católica de Lovaina
Comentarios: Fidel Tubino, IDHAL PUCP

17:00 - 18:15 Sesión temática 1: “Desarrollo humano e interculturalidad” 

- “Desarrollo humano e interculturalidad en América Latina y el Perú”
Expositor: Juan Ansion, IDHAL PUCP y EULAC Focus

- “Dimensiones sociales, culturales y científicas de las relaciones entre Europa y América Latina”
Expositora: Bárbara Göbel, Universidad Libre de Berlín y EULAC Focus

Comentarios: Narda Henríquez, trANDES 

18:15 - 18:30 Café

18:30 - 19:45 Sesión temática 2: “Interculturalidad y políticas públicas” 

- “Interculturalidad y políticas educativas”
Expositor: Luis Enrique López, FUNPROEIB Andes

- "Interculturalidad y políticas orientadas a la superación de la pobreza"
Expositora: Norma Correa, IDHAL-PUCP

Comentarios: Elena Burga

19: 45 - 20:30 Panel: “Desarrollo humano, interculturalidad y políticas públicas - interacciones, tensiones y oportunidades” 
A cargo de Isabel Yépez, Bárbara Göbel, Luis Enrique López y Norma Correa

20:30 - 20:45 Balance y perspectivas desde una experiencia personal
A cargo de: Tania Pariona Tarqui, Congresista de la República 

20:45 - 21:00 Clausura y brindis

EULAC-FOCUS at the LASA congress in Barcelona, May 23-26 2018

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The EULAC-FOCUS project will be present at the XXXVI International Congress of the Latin American Studies Association (LASA) in Barcelona, Soan from 23rd to 26th May 2018, not only with presentations from members of the team about the work carried out in the project but also in the Exhibit.

The overarching theme of the Barcelona LASA Congress will be “Latin American Studies in a Globalized World”, where both how people in other regions study and perceive Latin America and how Latin American studies contributes to the understanding of comparable processes and issues around the globe will be examined. A searchable programme can be found on page

We would be delighted to talk about the project with you at the EULAC-FOCUS stand in the exhibitors hall on stand R07 ( 

Meetings & Events

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Participation of EULAC-FOCUS team member in the following events in the past or the near future:

  • 5th-7th June 2018 - Vienna, Austria - 5th EULAC-FOCUS event in Vienna, Austria

  • 23rd-26th May 2018 - Barcelona, Spain - XXXVI International Congress of the Latin American Studies Association

  • 18 April 2018 - Lima, Peru - Seminario internacional "Desarrollo humano, interculturalidad y políticas sociales: experiencias y perspectivas desde América Latina y Europa"


  • 23rd November 2017 - São Paulo, Brazil - "EULAC FOCUS PROJECT, Brazil in the context of EU – CELAC relations”

  • 7th-10th November 2017 - Buenos Aires, Argentina - 4th EULAC-FOCUS event in Buenos Aires, Argentina

  • 5th-6th October 2017 - San Salvador, El Salvador, Academic & Knowledge Summit

  • 12th July 2017 - 19:00 - Berlin, Germany - ¿Cuál es el papel de la cultura en las relaciones entre la Unión Europea, América Latina y el Caribe?


  • 19th-21th of May 2017 - Annual Conference of the Association of Latin American studies in Austria: Partcicipation and presentation of first EULAC results in the Session: ¿De dónde vienes y a dónde vas? Migraciones transnacionales en/desde/hacia América Latina. 

  • 11th of May 2017 - Chamber of Labour Austria: „Institutional power shifts in the EU and its consequences for social policy and gender relations“

  • 29th March-1st April 2017 -Quito, Ecuador -3rd EULAC-FOCUS event in Quito, Ecuador

  • 22nd February 2017, Berlin, Germany - ¿Rebasar la brecha científica? La circulación de conocimiento como alternativa a la dependencia

  • 28th November 2016, Berlin, Germany -"Europa – América Latina y el Caribe: ¿Asociación estratégica o distanciamiento paulatino?"

  • 28th-31st August 2016, Berlin, Germany - 2nd EULAC-FOCUS event in Berlin, Germany

  • 4th-5th April 2016, Madrid, Spain - 1st EULAC-FOCUS event in Madrid, Spain

For more information please visit 

EULAC-FOCUS Facebook page

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We are pleased to announce that the EULAC-FOCUS project now has a Facebook page. You can find it on Please visit the page and like it to be kept regularly informed of updates in the project. 

Brazilian EULAC-FOCUS project workshop

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The EULAC FOCUS Project workshop: “Brazil in the context of EU-CELAC relations” took place at IRI-USP Institute of International Relations of the University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil on 23 November 2017.

The main goals of the workshop were:

  • to present and disseminate to the Brazilian academic community the EULAC FOCUS Project and its current results
  • to analyse Brazil’s position in terms of institutionalised relationship in the political and legal context between EU and CELAC (and its LAC precursors).
  • to present the Brazilian vision and participation in the cultural, scientific, social relations and in the economic partnership developed between EU and LAC in the last decades.
  • to present researches developed inside the EU-LAC cooperation, with Brazilian participation, and its results.
  • to present the cooperation between the two regions in Higher Education, Science, Technology and Innovation, with Brazilian participation.

Speakers emphasized the importance of an event discussing EU-CELAC relations as a great opportunity to explore possibilities for knowledge and research collaboration between the two regions.

It is within this context that Ms Barbara Göbel of IAI, leader of WP2 transectrial pathways of EULAC-FOCUS presented the project to the workshop participants, explaining that the project goes beyond classical relation between universities, bridging universities with institutions such as Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnologia y Innovación Productiva (MINCYT) from Argentina, the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and Zentrum fur Soziale Innovation (ZSI) from Austria, bringing networks of universities which creates a poli-logic experience. Projects looking at EU-CELAC relations usually analyse the Science Policies between the regions from an economic point of view. EULAC-FOCUS is set apart by focusing on three dimensions: scientific, cultural (which is very fragmented and less developed) and social (as an example, migration).

Presentations were also made by:

  • Prof. Paulo Roberto Feldmann, FEA USP (Faculty of Economics and Administration of the University of São Paul) and Fudan Latin America University Consortium on “Central Europe and Latin America: two very similar regions that should complement more”
  • Dr.Paulo Siqueira,CNPq (National Council for Scientific and Technological Development) on “the Potentials and challenges of EU-CELAC relation on R&I”

After round table discussions focussing on the importance of internationalisation and where the focus of current efforts from the EU lie, the workshop finished with reflections on how EU and CELAC can improve collaboration and participants pointed out that the discussions presented in the event were very important to disseminate crucial knowledge to widen collaboration.

Video recording of the workshop can be found on the project Youtube page on: The full report can be downloaded here. Photos of the event can be viewed on the project Instagram page on:

Diagnosis and Strategies for empowering cultural relations between EU and LAC

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The EULAC-Focus Project held from 7 to 10 November in the Argentine city of Buenos Aires, its 4th project workshop. The meeting started on day 1 with a meeting of the WP3, cultural dimension team and invited guests from across Latin America, the Caribbean and Europe to discuss the qualitative analysis of the questionnaire on the diagnostic of the cultural relation between the European Union and Latin America and the Caribbean and the questionnaire on the strategies for strenthening the relations between the two regions. 

The first questionnaire was sent earlier this year to circa 700 experts (with 160 answers) with the second sent to those who had agreed to receive the second and had previously received and read the report from the first questionnaire (this time with 73 answers) affording them the opportunity to review their original answers and answer further questions. The experts consulted originated from 44 different countries, from a vast set of target groups giving the team answers from very different perspectives in relation to what is the diagnosis and what could be the strategies for empowering cultural relations between the European Union and Latin America and the Caribbean.

The seminar that took place on the 7th November in Buenos Aires was the last stage of the DELPHI methodology for questionnaires review, where specific questions where reviewed in response to both the questionnaire reports, in parallel sessions, allowing the team to discuss very enriching ideas and suggestions in small groups. 

Attendees included very high level experts, including two former deputy ministers of culture (from Brazil and Argentina), the Director of the Cultural Observatory of Chile, the Director of the British Council in the Americas, the Director of the Goethe Institute in Buenos Aires, the director of the Cultural Institute of Italy and the director of the EULAC Foundation, all experts in the field of culture in Europe and Latin Americans and Caribbean countries.

Their insight and expertise will help the EULAC-FOCUS team to put together the high impact actions for encouraging and enlarging cultural relations between the EU and Latin America and the Caribbean.

For more information, please see the storify story of the full event on To view a video presentation of the objectives and achievements of the meeting, in English see, in Spanish, see Photographs can also be found on our instagram account on:

The scenario buiding exercise

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The objective of the scenario building process is to stimulate the development of a common vision and an action plan/roadmap for renewed cooperation in the fields of cutural, scientific and social relations through the upgrading of the bilateral relation and the provision of a clearer strategic orientation.

Through this exercise EULAC Focus very ambitiously intends to go beyond any project, initiative or political dialogue that to date has been implemented to underpin the EU-CELAC partnership.

The scenario building process must be instrumental to the development of policy recommendations, which is expected to be one of the key outputs of the EULAC Focus project.

The scenario building exercise took place during the 4th EULAC-FOCUS workshop in Buenos Aires on 8th and 9th November 2017 and was based upon an iterative process that builded on existing work.

During the workshop the team agreed on a shared framework through the identification and validation of Key Forces/Trends and Uncertainties and using the selection criteria plausible, structurally different, internally consistent, have decision-making utility and be challending to conventional thinking:

  • Identified the major features of available EU and LAC scenarios
  • Discarded combinations of scenarios considered non-relevant and/or repetitive
  • Selected three combined scenarios to be developed in more detail during the first semester of 2018

What happens next:

Following a preliminary group discussion of the implications of each of the three selected scenario for the three dimensions relevant to EULAC-Focus that took place during the workshop in Buenos Aires, the team is expected to work on identifiying more detailed implications for each of the policy domains and developing a storyline/plot for each scenario on the basis of specialised inputs.

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18 April, Seminar about Human Development and Interculturality, Lima, Peru more



Seminario internacional "Desarrollo humano, interculturalidad y políticas sociales: experiencias y perspectivas desde América Latina y Europa" Auditorio Dammert, 18 de abril de 2018 more

EULAC-FOCUS at the LASA congress in Barcelona, May 23-26 2018 more

Meetings & Events more

EULAC-FOCUS Facebook page more

Brazilian EULAC-FOCUS project workshop more

Diagnosis and Strategies for empowering cultural relations between EU and LAC more

The scenario buiding exercise more